In 1543, the Portuguese arrived in Kyusho, becoming the first Europeans to reach Japan. They were called Namban jin or southern barbarians, a name commonly given to foreigners. From that time onwards, the word Namban was used to describe the most varied cultural and artistic expressions which arose due to the Portuguese presence in Japan, which lasted for about one century.
Today, the NAMBAN notebooks, produced by hand in Portugal, using Japanese binding, are themselves a bond with the ancient Japan. They represent oriental aesthetics, going beyond the meaning of a utilitarian notebook.